sábado, 1 de agosto de 2015

Visit Copacabana Beach

 Copacabana Beach, Rio de Janeiro


Copacabana is perhaps the most famous neighborhood of the city of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Formerly called Sacopenapã, owes its current name to a copy of the Virgin of Copacabana, whose shrine is located in Copacabana, Bolivia

The beach is quite large, crescent-shaped, with a distance of approximately three miles from end to end. Although I must say that Copacabana actually has a little over three miles. The rest of the beach, although it is actually the same, is called Leme, which is also the name of another neighborhood of Rio.


Copacabana is also a populous neighborhood of Rio de Janeiro and one of those most densely populated in the world. It is said that if everyone in the neighborhood of Copacabana leave while the beach, there would be room for everyone.
 Kiosks or on Copacabana beach bars. You can also see the typical cobblestone promenade.

The beautiful and historic Hotel Copacabana Palace in Rio de Janeiro.
The neighborhood is full of hotels, restaurants, bars, clubs and all kinds of leisure and services, as it is possibly the most popular place in town, which receives more tourists throughout the year.

At the end of the beach is the Copacabana Fort, a fort established in early twentieth century to improve the defense of the city and Guanabara Bay. Now tourist attraction.

Are typical of Copacabana paved boardwalk and beach bars on the beach.

Located in the South Zone of the city, Copacabana beach has a crescent shape and is nicknamed Princess of the Sea because of its aura in the 30s, 40s and 50s bohemian neighborhood, glamor and wealth, Copacabana gave rise to numerous events and artistic movements, becoming tourist reference of Brazil.


The neighborhood has plenty of restaurants, cinemas, banks, synagogues (traditionally shelters the carioca Jewish community), local shopping and theaters.

From the 1960s, the growing fame attracted more inhabitants than the area can receive comfortably and Copacabana suffered with real estate speculation to fill with high properties with tiny shops. The place became a Brazilian microcosm, uniting families of different classes in that tight piece of land between the sea and mountains.

Copacabana is comprised of 109 streets in which more than 147,000 people from all walks of live, which realizes the high population density in the area. With 358.51 inhabitants per hectare, is one of three districts with greater density River, just below Rocinha and

Copacabana is included in the Planning Area 2 and share Administrative Region V (Copacabana) in Leme neighborhood.

It borders the neighborhoods of Ipanema, Lagoa, Humaitá, Botafogo and Leme.
A nose is "hovering" in the streets of Copacabana.

The neighborhood of Copacabana is bounded by:

     Northeast: Avenida Princesa Isabel
     east: Avenida Atlântica and the Atlantic Ocean
     south: Fort Copacabana
     west: the mountains (hills) of Leme, São João, Two Kids and Cantagalo.

It has a land area of 410.09 hectares.2 and 73.90% of its areas are urbanized and / or alteradas.3

sarai de jesus cuellar heifer ← Their ocean beaches stretch for 3.2 kilometers along the shores of Atlántico4 ocean with an index of water quality of 92% (on average, taking three benchmarks) .5


The Indians who occupied the area now includes Copacabana, Ipanema, Leblon and Lagoa Rodrigo de Freitas was called Socopenapã, resulting da contraction of the words of Tupi origin SOCO-APE-Nupa, with which the Indians called it the "path souks ", a bird that lived in the area. Successive historical references eventually turn by mistake in Sacopenapã.6

Copacabana was a sandy desert when, in the seventeenth century, fishermen erected a chapel on the south end of the beach and introduced in it a reproduction of an image of Nossa Senhora de Copacabana Bolivian origin. Brought to Brazil by merchants of Peruvian silver, the picture ended up naming the beach and neighborhood. Later, with the construction of Fort Copacabana, historic chapel was demolida.7
Avenida Atlântica in the 1910s.


Current slope of Leme was the first land access to Copacabana. At the top of the hill was erected Fort Leme, in 1722, whose arches remain in place. With the emergence of the Ladeira do Barroso, in 1855, residents of the city, including the Emperor Dom Pedro II, were true trips to those areas remotas.6

 By 1858, the news that two huge white whales lying on the sands of Copacabana aroused the curiosity of the cariocas, which began aa attract the attention of the inhabitants of the city to the playa.7

The urbanization of the region began with the opening of the Old Tunnel and the arrival of the train line line Companhia Ferro-Carril Botanical Garden, 1892. Two real estate companies began to lotear the land of the neighborhood and, in 1917, Copacabana already had 45 streets, an avenue, four seats and two tunnels. The Avenida Atlântica was opened in 1906 by the prefect Francisco Pereira Passos and widened in 1919, during the administration of Paulo Frontin.7
Tribute to the Revolt of the Fort.
The district was consolidated in the first two decad.

Typical Copacabana apartment building.

The district has 147,021 permanent inhabitants of whom 61,515 are men and 85,506 women.1 The sex ratio is 71.92 Copacabana men per hundred women, which is the lowest rate of masculinity in terms of neighborhoods in Rio de Janeiro .

It has a population density of 358.51 people per hectare. There are 61,807 households (found in the third position among Rio neighborhoods with more homes), of which 18,416 have one inhabitant, 19,589 are inhabited by two people and 11,780 with three people.1

 Life expectancy at birth is 77.78 years and the adult literacy rate is 98.48% .1

It has ten municipal schools with a total of 4,600 alumnos.9

It has a Human Development Index (HDI) 0956.10 Same as Japan and Luxemburgo.11

Copacabana is the main area of ​​concentration of people in the streets (homeless) South Zone. 29% of people living in the open in Copacabana are women, and the number of children and adolescents is higher than the city average, reaching 21.2%. Most (27.6%) ended up living on the street by family conflicts, while 25.9% claimed unemployment and 5.3% did so by using drogas.12

According to 2004 data, the favelas located in Copacabana occupied 159.955,5 square meters, implying an increase of 3.091,4 square meters since 1999.13.

 In 2006 337 cases of dengue were reported, it became the tenth district of Rio with more infected, although no casualties fatales.14

Featured Sites

In the diagnostic phase of the Strategic Plan Río15 a perception survey of the population, among other data, can identify areas and emblematic buildings of the neighborhood in the opinion of its inhabitants was made:
The waters of Copacabana.

    Historical Museum of the Army and Fort Copacabana
    Urban landscape Set of Avenida Atlântica
    Copacabana Palace Hotel
    building Guarujá
    building Guahy
    Villiot house
    National Institute of Social Service

It also highlights the numerous waterfront hotels like the Pestana Rio Atlantica, JW Marriott, California Othon Clasic, Orla Copacabana, Astoria Palace, Rio International, among others.

 The neighborhood has in tourism one of its main income. During 2004, the largest city hotel occupancy was recorded in the area of ​​Copacabana and Leme, between February and December, with 67.85% of hosted in Rio de Janeiro. However, Barra da Tijuca neighborhood São Conrado and Copacabana and Leme outperformed in January of that same year.16
See also: Rio de Janeiro Metro

Numerous bus lines pass through Copacabana, mostly in north-south direction by Barata Ribeiro and northbound on Nossa Senhora de Copacabana and Avenida Atlântica.
Cantagalo Station.


The Metro (subway) is the most agile form of communication with the center and north of the city (is planned to open in late 2009 of a station in Ipanema, as a projection of an extension to the west). Line 1 of the subway has three stations in Copacabana:

    Cantagalo (with a daily flow of approximately 35,000 passengers) was to build the Osório / Ipanema station the end of the tour, south of Copacabana.
    Siqueira Campos (60 000 passengers per day), in the center of the neighborhood, has connections with the Metrô na area (which reaches Leblon) and the bus Expresso Barra (Barra da Tijuca).
    Cardeal Arco Verde (23,000 passengers per day) is on the northern end of Copacabana. From Cantagalo to Cinelândia Station in the center, subway takes approximately 14 minutes and 50 segundos.17

Visit Egypt: Between Pyramids and Deserts?

Egypt: Between Pyramids and Deserts?
Introduction Egypt

The Arab Republic of Egypt is a country in Africa, which is located northeast of the continent. Its territory consists mainly of the Sahara desert. The capital is the city of Cairo. It is perhaps the most popular country in the African continent, its population reaches 69 million inhabitants and meets mainly in the cities of Cairo and Alexandria. Religion prevails is Muslim.

It has an area of ​​1,001,449 square kilometers. World famous for its monuments and ancient civilization, Egypt is presented as an undoubted advantage of an ancient past, modernity and the best service travel destination. Its importance is not only cultural but also lies in the recreational possibilities offered to visitors. Natural language is Arabic, but English is widely spoken and French. The city largest is Cairo, other major cities are famous port of Alexandria as Egypt, Giza, Port Said and Suez City. Your time zone is GMT + 2 Egypt and summer passes GMT +3.
Transportation and Climate

Significantly, Cairo is the only place in Africa and the Arab world with subway. The hours of operation ranges from 5 to 30 in the morning until midnight. In the summer the subway runs until one o'clock.

The climate in Egypt can be a problem if you visit in bad weather, ideal for holiday season is in autumn and winter, with temperatures ranging between 20 and 30 degrees Celsius. In April sandstorms and winds make it almost impossible vision, so they are not recommended rides, in summer the sun is quite strong and the weather is dry. Rain arrives in Alexandria between December and February, cold also feels so interesting observation. Winter and autumn range from October to April.

The geographical area of ​​Egypt is presented through which the Nile River and its main geography is the desert that lies between that of Libya to the west, the Sahara and the Arabian desert, located around the Gulf of Justice and the sea red.

The desert area in the east is made up of the plateau that runs from the Nile Valley to the shores of the Red Sea. The Sinai is composed of the mountain of Santa Catarina, the tallest in Egypt. It rises to 8,668 feet.

The desert area of ​​western shelters most of the population, ranging from the Nile to the border with Libya. The Nile Valley is located in the main area of ​​Egypt, has an area bordering the 6 thousand square miles and is the most fertile area.
Places to enjoy

Egypt tourism becomes the bearer system for foreign exchange earnings, so investments in recreational areas is strong enough, companies worldwide seek to make a place within the range of existing offerings. This ensures the visitor a vast range of possibilities, all prices and with all amenities, and confirming that Egypt holidays will always be the best.

To fully enjoy travel Egypt not to miss the most important attractions such as the Great Sphinx and the Pyramids of Giza, whose history is saved by the Cairo Museum, where you can also find the treasures of Tutankhamun and the exhibition of Khan El Khalili. All this near the city of Cairo in the area south of Egypt can visit Valley of the Kings, Abu Simbel among the most representative archaeological sites can also be leveraged to make a tour cruise on the Nile River .

Near the Sinai Peninsula, on the shores of the Red Sea, you can enjoy tours through flora and fauna under water, there is the seaside resort of Sharm el-Sheikh, one of the most famous in the world and where direct aircraft arriving from Europe.

Egypt is obligatory tourist destination for its beauty, its archaeological sites, monuments, temples, pyramids and pharaonic history. Mix all this by offering fun and attractions available in its major cities, the Bohemian Cairo, the paradisiacal beaches, vast and majestic deserts.

Some features to consider is that in Egypt the maximum amount of cigarettes that you can carry is 200, snuff within the limit is 250 grams and 50 the maximum of cigars. Only one liter of alcohol for personal use is permitted. If carried Videos must be declared. A detail with Egyptian currency is not allowed to use it outside the Egyptian territory, so it is best to take euros, as they are accepted in most tourist establishments.

It is common to visit different destinations many photographs are taken, perhaps worldwide Egypt where it becomes more photos, just look at the scenery, monuments and be able to portray everything. However only allowed to take pictures in places open field, not in museums or temples. There are places where you can shoot with a fee, so it is advisable to always ask before clicking the camera.

Other recommendations to consider during a holiday in Egypt are not to rely on monuments, as most are thousands of years old and is progressively weakened, greet before starting any conversation, bring quite simple as it is something that most traders lack, be careful with the tips they usually equivalent to 10% of tariffed and always wear comfortable shoes for walking.

About their culture is far known hieroglyphs, the ancient pharaohs, mummies and power that became widespread in the Mediterranean. Could be found from the Egypt of the classical period, with the Pharaohs, Egypt of the Christian era and the Coptic church mainly Muslim Egypt.

Ancient Egypt
Main article: Ancient Egypt
The Great Sphinx and the pyramids of Giza, built during the Old Kingdom of Egypt.

The wealth that brought fertile silt after the annual flooding of the Nile, together with the absence of powerful people by their isolation, because the Nile valley is located between two large desert areas, allowed the development of an early and most dazzling civilizations in the history of mankind.

The first inhabitants of Egypt, reached the banks of the Nile, then a cluster of mudflats and outbreak of malaria, escaping from the desertification of the Sahara. The first communities made the country habitable, and were structured into regions called nomes. Over time and after periods of agreements and disputes the nomos were grouped into two proto-nations, called the Upper and Lower Egypt around 4000 BC. C. Egypt is unified around the year 3100. C., from the Pharaoh Menes (Narmer on his Egyptian name).

The history of Ancient Egypt is divided into three empires with intermediate periods of internal conflict and domination by foreign rulers. The Old Kingdom was characterized by the flourishing of the arts and the construction of huge pyramids. During the Middle Kingdom (2050-1800 BC.), After a phase of decentralization, Egypt enjoyed a period of splendor in its economy. In the New Kingdom (1567-1085 BC.) Egyptian monarchy reached its golden age conquering neighboring peoples and expanding their domains under the direction of the Pharaohs of the eighteenth dynasty. The last dynasty was overthrown by the Persians in 341 a. C., who in turn were replaced by Greek and Roman rulers, a period that began around 30 BC. C. as a result of the defeat of Cleopatra and Mark Antony at the Battle of Actium, which brought seven centuries of relative peace and economic stability. Since mid-fourth century, Egypt was part of the Eastern Empire, which became the Byzantine Empire.