sábado, 1 de agosto de 2015

Visit Egypt: Between Pyramids and Deserts?

Egypt: Between Pyramids and Deserts?
Introduction Egypt

The Arab Republic of Egypt is a country in Africa, which is located northeast of the continent. Its territory consists mainly of the Sahara desert. The capital is the city of Cairo. It is perhaps the most popular country in the African continent, its population reaches 69 million inhabitants and meets mainly in the cities of Cairo and Alexandria. Religion prevails is Muslim.

It has an area of ​​1,001,449 square kilometers. World famous for its monuments and ancient civilization, Egypt is presented as an undoubted advantage of an ancient past, modernity and the best service travel destination. Its importance is not only cultural but also lies in the recreational possibilities offered to visitors. Natural language is Arabic, but English is widely spoken and French. The city largest is Cairo, other major cities are famous port of Alexandria as Egypt, Giza, Port Said and Suez City. Your time zone is GMT + 2 Egypt and summer passes GMT +3.
Transportation and Climate

Significantly, Cairo is the only place in Africa and the Arab world with subway. The hours of operation ranges from 5 to 30 in the morning until midnight. In the summer the subway runs until one o'clock.

The climate in Egypt can be a problem if you visit in bad weather, ideal for holiday season is in autumn and winter, with temperatures ranging between 20 and 30 degrees Celsius. In April sandstorms and winds make it almost impossible vision, so they are not recommended rides, in summer the sun is quite strong and the weather is dry. Rain arrives in Alexandria between December and February, cold also feels so interesting observation. Winter and autumn range from October to April.

The geographical area of ​​Egypt is presented through which the Nile River and its main geography is the desert that lies between that of Libya to the west, the Sahara and the Arabian desert, located around the Gulf of Justice and the sea red.

The desert area in the east is made up of the plateau that runs from the Nile Valley to the shores of the Red Sea. The Sinai is composed of the mountain of Santa Catarina, the tallest in Egypt. It rises to 8,668 feet.

The desert area of ​​western shelters most of the population, ranging from the Nile to the border with Libya. The Nile Valley is located in the main area of ​​Egypt, has an area bordering the 6 thousand square miles and is the most fertile area.
Places to enjoy

Egypt tourism becomes the bearer system for foreign exchange earnings, so investments in recreational areas is strong enough, companies worldwide seek to make a place within the range of existing offerings. This ensures the visitor a vast range of possibilities, all prices and with all amenities, and confirming that Egypt holidays will always be the best.

To fully enjoy travel Egypt not to miss the most important attractions such as the Great Sphinx and the Pyramids of Giza, whose history is saved by the Cairo Museum, where you can also find the treasures of Tutankhamun and the exhibition of Khan El Khalili. All this near the city of Cairo in the area south of Egypt can visit Valley of the Kings, Abu Simbel among the most representative archaeological sites can also be leveraged to make a tour cruise on the Nile River .

Near the Sinai Peninsula, on the shores of the Red Sea, you can enjoy tours through flora and fauna under water, there is the seaside resort of Sharm el-Sheikh, one of the most famous in the world and where direct aircraft arriving from Europe.

Egypt is obligatory tourist destination for its beauty, its archaeological sites, monuments, temples, pyramids and pharaonic history. Mix all this by offering fun and attractions available in its major cities, the Bohemian Cairo, the paradisiacal beaches, vast and majestic deserts.

Some features to consider is that in Egypt the maximum amount of cigarettes that you can carry is 200, snuff within the limit is 250 grams and 50 the maximum of cigars. Only one liter of alcohol for personal use is permitted. If carried Videos must be declared. A detail with Egyptian currency is not allowed to use it outside the Egyptian territory, so it is best to take euros, as they are accepted in most tourist establishments.

It is common to visit different destinations many photographs are taken, perhaps worldwide Egypt where it becomes more photos, just look at the scenery, monuments and be able to portray everything. However only allowed to take pictures in places open field, not in museums or temples. There are places where you can shoot with a fee, so it is advisable to always ask before clicking the camera.

Other recommendations to consider during a holiday in Egypt are not to rely on monuments, as most are thousands of years old and is progressively weakened, greet before starting any conversation, bring quite simple as it is something that most traders lack, be careful with the tips they usually equivalent to 10% of tariffed and always wear comfortable shoes for walking.

About their culture is far known hieroglyphs, the ancient pharaohs, mummies and power that became widespread in the Mediterranean. Could be found from the Egypt of the classical period, with the Pharaohs, Egypt of the Christian era and the Coptic church mainly Muslim Egypt.

Ancient Egypt
Main article: Ancient Egypt
The Great Sphinx and the pyramids of Giza, built during the Old Kingdom of Egypt.

The wealth that brought fertile silt after the annual flooding of the Nile, together with the absence of powerful people by their isolation, because the Nile valley is located between two large desert areas, allowed the development of an early and most dazzling civilizations in the history of mankind.

The first inhabitants of Egypt, reached the banks of the Nile, then a cluster of mudflats and outbreak of malaria, escaping from the desertification of the Sahara. The first communities made the country habitable, and were structured into regions called nomes. Over time and after periods of agreements and disputes the nomos were grouped into two proto-nations, called the Upper and Lower Egypt around 4000 BC. C. Egypt is unified around the year 3100. C., from the Pharaoh Menes (Narmer on his Egyptian name).

The history of Ancient Egypt is divided into three empires with intermediate periods of internal conflict and domination by foreign rulers. The Old Kingdom was characterized by the flourishing of the arts and the construction of huge pyramids. During the Middle Kingdom (2050-1800 BC.), After a phase of decentralization, Egypt enjoyed a period of splendor in its economy. In the New Kingdom (1567-1085 BC.) Egyptian monarchy reached its golden age conquering neighboring peoples and expanding their domains under the direction of the Pharaohs of the eighteenth dynasty. The last dynasty was overthrown by the Persians in 341 a. C., who in turn were replaced by Greek and Roman rulers, a period that began around 30 BC. C. as a result of the defeat of Cleopatra and Mark Antony at the Battle of Actium, which brought seven centuries of relative peace and economic stability. Since mid-fourth century, Egypt was part of the Eastern Empire, which became the Byzantine Empire.

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