miércoles, 10 de junio de 2015

visit Buenos Aires: Argentina's fascinating capital

Buenos Aires Travel Guide
 Introduction Buenos Aires The City of Buenos Aires and Buenos Aires is the capital of Argentina. It is a city of about 3 million, which includes an urban cluster together with what is known as Greater Buenos Aires that brings together over 40% of the total population of the country, totaling more than 13 million inhabitants, largest in the country. As such, Buenos Aires is among the largest urban centers in the world, and is an important center of artistic and intellectual activity. Considered a global city to live up to other big cities like Madrid and Brussels.

Buenos Aires, is located on the west bank of the Rio de la Plata. The urban area resembles a range bounded on the south, west and north by the province of Buenos Aires and east by the river. The city is divided into 48 districts that derive from the ancient parishes established in the nineteenth.

Buenos Aires is the second largest urban area in South America and one of the twenty largest cities in the world.
Buenos Aires had two foundations. The first in 1536 by Pedro de Mendoza (it was destroyed by the Indians in 1541), and the second by Juan de Garay in 1580 and on both occasions. The city belonged to the Viceroyalty of Peru of the Spanish Empire. In 1176 the King of Spain the designated capital of the Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata

The city is headquarters of many large companies in the country. The main economic sector of Buenos Aires is the service sector. It is also the primary school in the country. Among its renowned institutions include the Buenos Aires National College and the University of Buenos Aires.

In 2005, he was chosen as a UNESCO City of Design. Its skyline is remarkably eclectic. Because of immigration, styles art deco, art nouveau, neo-Gothic, and French Bourbon mix.
Off its coast is Colonia del Sacramento (Uruguay), and a little further Montevideo, the Uruguayan capital, 2 pm Tickets are Santiago and about 3 hours tickets San Pablo (Brazil) of the other great capital of South America.

The climate is temperate humid throughout the twentieth century, temperatures have increased considerably due to the heat island product of urban development, currently being 2 ° C higher than less urbanized regions nearby.

Snowfall is not common. The last had the opportunity the July 9, 2007, it began as sleet and ended up covering much of the city. In suburban areas he came to have a much thicker. It happened as a result of a great polar wind that affected Argentina and Chile. We only know of another significant snowfall in 1918.

The city is divided into 48 districts that derive from the ancient parishes established in the nineteenth century. Although we often speak of the 100 neighborhoods of the city, this is an expression that originates from a popular song rather than the actual number of neighborhoods, the song was popularized by the singer Alberto Castillo, a landmark of Buenos Aires popular music.

Each neighborhood has its own characteristics and history that will print color, style and unique customs; and they are a reflection of cultural variety that underlies the city. Some of these have been around for decades, but there are other newly identified. Such is the case of Chas Park, Puerto Madero, etc. However, there was always a lot of unofficial names for some areas of the city such as Barrio Parque and Abasto, neighborhoods that exist only in the popular tradition, originated only for purely commercial reasons.

The north and northwest suburbs have become the center of wealth, with exclusive shops and several residential areas of the upper class as Recoleta, Palermo, Belgrano and Puerto Madero, south of the city and the last to be officially declared.

South of the city are the most popular neighborhoods such as barracks, Pompeii, La Boca, etc. The south is the area that holds the lower socio-economic indicators of the city.

 The city is on a good geographical support: its territory is vast and flat and does not suffer complications of extreme temperatures, winds, snow and earthquakes. It has a very good source of freshwater is the Rio de la Plata.
The layout of the city is very regular. The historical and financial center of the city has perfectly square blocks, extending from north to south and from east to west, as its founder Garay the establishment. This layout of perpendicular streets (called "checkerboard") spread largely to the rest of the city.

Buenos Aires is fertile in areas of urban and architectural quality. It has several public places including highlights Palermo Woods, the Almirante Brown Park, Ecological Reserve in the South Coast.

A feature of the city is the diversity of trees and colorful flowers of these. In large part this is due to the work of Carlos Thays, a French landscape, creator among other things the Botanical Garden where trees implanted as the gals, jacarandas and lapachos.

Another prominent feature of the city are the capstones in domes, towers and attics that have many of their buildings. They are the result of European influence in the port architecture, especially by the work of French architects, Italians and Germans, who designed the buildings between the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, as a replacement to the colonial architecture. At first it was a symbolic architectural element. But then they were chosen as a symbol of the magnificence of the Argentina bourgeoisie. Perhaps the main feature of these is the variety: there are shaped half, pineapple, onion-and many others.

The central area of ​​the city is very congested with vehicular traffic and also during non-working days is very uninhabited, causing some uncertainty.

Buenos Aires has four motorway links, in addition to the large amount of existing accesses, whether bridges or avenues that cross the Av. General Paz. The motorway links are Highway Buenos Aires-La Plata Highway Ricchieri, West and North Access or Access Av. Panamericana. These highways provide quick access from the Greater Buenos Aires, unlike the rest of the accesses where traffic tends to be little fluid from the end of business hours.

The means of transport most used are called groups, with more than 135 lines in service not only allows you to connect different parts of the city but also get to different parts of Greater Buenos Aires.
The other mass medium used to access the city is the train, which has in Buenos Aires a clear node concentrator. Some of these lines have connection to the subway, which allows a relatively fluid transfer from the Buenos Aires suburbs to different areas of the city. Trains are also used by the locals as a means of fast displacement within the city.

Buenos Aires has six subway lines, lines A, B, C, D, E and H with over 40 km route. In addition, construction is in the second leg of the H line, which currently connects the neighborhoods of Parque Patricios and Balvanera under Av. Jujuy, and finally join the south of the city from the neighborhood of Pompeii with the Retirement terminal. Expansion is also in line A to the neighborhood of Flores and B from the terminal to the neighborhood of Villa Urquiza. It is planned to build three branches (F, G and I), with which the lines come into operation nine. Line A (opened in 1913) is also a tourist attraction, for being the first subway line in the southern hemisphere (and Latin America) and to keep the trains that were used in the early twentieth century.

The country's largest port, is Buenos Aires and traditionally was the main maritime gateway of Argentina. Currently handles 70% of Argentine imports concentrating about 40% of total foreign trade.

Buenos Aires has two commercial airports, three military and one private. The two commercials are the International Airport Ministro Pistarini or Ezeiza Airport, about 35 Kms. Of the city, and the Aeroparque Jorge Newbery.

From the Airport of Ezeiza there are flights to all South America, North America, Europe, Africa, Asia and Oceania. It is the only Latin America with flights arriving at 5 continents. In 2009 they passed by almost 8 million passengers. From Jorge Newbery Airport (Aeroparque commonly called), there are domestic flights only, with the exception of flights to Montevideo (Uruguay) and Asuncion (Paraguay).

Buenos Aires offers more than 200 hotels with over 36,000 beds available. These hotels are installed mostly in the downtown area of ​​the city with easy access to major tourist sites.
There are also many accommodations and alternative accommodations for those looking for something more economical. These establishments are often located in more remote districts, but the transport system allows the transfer in an easy and economical way.

As the city is a university center, there is a lot of hostels and accessible to students from both within the country and from neighboring countries dormitories.

It is advised to purchase personal travel insurance that covers medical expenses as foreign healthcare is not free and involves high costs.

Buenos Aires, the Reina del Plata
Sightseeing in Buenos Aires in the historical district are the places of tourist interest, it is a sector made up of the neighborhoods of Montserrat and San Telmo. As the city began to be built in what is now the Plaza de Mayo (formerly Square) around can find historic buildings such as La Casa Rosada (seat of the national government), instead the Fort was. The north side of the square is the Metropolitan Cathedral, which since the days of the colony occupies the same place, and the building now occupied by the headquarters of the Banco de la Nacion Argentina, which was originally owned by Juan de Garay. To the west of the square, facing the government house we find the Cabildo building, its original structure was modified to construct Avenida de Mayo and Diagonal Julio A. Roca.

Moving south will observe the old Congress, where now the National Academy of History. Moving towards Avenida de Mayo, northwest we find the Head of Government of the City.

Considered Civic Axis, the Avenida de Mayo joins the Pink House with the Palace of Congress. This traditional avenue allow us to observe some buildings of great architectural, cultural and historical interest: the House of Culture, the Barolo Palace, the legendary Café Tortoni, and many others like the Café of the 36 billiards. A subway line runs below this avenue.

At the end of the artery you can observe a set of squares decorated with several monuments and sculptures, among which is a signed copy of Rodin's Thinker. In vicinity of these places they are the National Congress and the Mill Confectionery closed today.

In the Old Town you can visit the Manzana de las Luces. There we will find the Church of San Ignacio, of great historical content and Buenos Aires National School, he achieved several presidents the country. In the apple the hidden tunnels through the city during the colonial era can be seen and can also flown, the building where the City Council from 1894-1931.

In the neighborhood of San Telmo, have to visit the Plaza Dorrego, where every Sunday the famous Antiques Fair is installed. In the vicinity several antique shops are located and a Jesuit complex formed by the Church of Our Lady of Bethlem, the Parish of San Pedro Telmo and the Penitentiary Museum "Antonio Ballve". In this area also we will find the Lezama Park and the National History Museum.
The Recoleta neighborhood has a lot of tourist sites and many also have great cultural value. There we can find the headquarters of the National Museum of Fine Arts, the National Library, the Recoleta Cultural Center, the Law School, the Basilica of Our Lady of Pilar, the Palais de Glace, the Bar La Biela and the Cementerio de la Recoleta, where they are housed the remains of several heroes and prominent figures of the country.

In Puerto Madero may be several apartment towers built between the late 1990s and early twenty-first century. Also in this area you can visit the former Hotel of Immigrants, the museum Frigate President Sarmiento, the Puente de la Mujer and the ship-museum Uruguay Corvette.

Visiting the neighborhood of Retiro, you can visit the train station, as well, touring several landmark buildings and monuments such as the Monument to the Fallen in Malvinas, the Torre de los Ingleses, on the General San Martin, in the square of the same name and Kavanagh Building.

One of the most important museums of the city and the country, the Museum of Modern Art is found in the neighborhood of Palermo. Also being in the neighborhood can visit the Planetarium Galileo Galilei, the Zoo, the Botanical Garden and the Rural Society.

Corrientes Avenue (the street that never sleeps) is another tourist site for its cultural significance. It contains a lot of theaters such as the Opera Theatre and numerous other sites of interest include Luna Park and the Paseo La Plaza. At the intersection of this avenue with Avenue 9 de Julio we will find the emblem Obelisk of Buenos Aires.

Very close to the city center and the Old Town is the colorful La Boca, which is an emblem of immigrants. It is one of the most visited by tourists, but lacks the security and infrastructure of other important areas. Among its main attractions is the Paseo Caminito, the legacy of the artist Quinquela Martin in the town of Vuelta de Rocha, its artists, its museums, theaters, the Bombonera, the stadium of Boca Juniors. Its promenade and harbor promenade, the old transporter bridge in the early twentieth century, typical tenement buildings.

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