Buenos Aires: Argentina's fascinating capital
Buenos Aires Travel Guide
Introduction Buenos Aires Buenos Aires City and Buenos Aires is the capital of Argentina. It is a city of about 3 million inhabitants, which integrates an urban cluster together with what is known as Greater Buenos Aires that brings together more than 40% of the total population of the country, totaling more than 13 million inhabitants, largest in the country. As such, the Gran Buenos Aires is among the largest urban centers in the world, and is an important center of artistic and intellectual activity. Considered a global city to live up to other major cities such as Madrid and Brussels.
The City of Buenos Aires, is located on the western shore of the Río de la Plata. The urban area resembles a range bounded on the south, west and north by the province of Buenos Aires and east by the river. The city is divided into 48 districts that derive from the ancient parishes established in the nineteenth.
Buenos Aires is the second largest urban area in South America and one of the twenty largest cities in the world.
The City of Buenos Aires had two foundations. The first in 1536 by Pedro de Mendoza (which was destroyed by the Indians in 1541), and the second by Juan de Garay in 1580 and on both occasions. The city belonged to the Viceroyalty of Peru Spanish Empire. In 1176 the King of Spain's designated capital of the Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata.
The city is headquarters of many large firms. The main economic sector of Buenos Aires is the services sector. It is also the primary school in the country. Among its renowned institutions include the Buenos Aires National College and the University of Buenos Aires.
In 2005, she was elected as a UNESCO City of Design. Its skyline is remarkably eclectic. Because of immigration, art deco styles, Art Nouveau, Neo-Gothic and French Bourbon mix.
Off its coast is Colonia del Sacramento (Uruguay), and a little further Montevideo, the Uruguayan capital, at 2 pm Tickets are Santiago de Chile and a 3 hour plane Sao Paulo (Brazil) to the other great capital of South America.
The climate is temperate humid throughout the twentieth century temperatures have increased considerably due to the heat island product of urban development, currently being 2 ° C higher than in nearby much less urbanized regions.
Snowfalls are not common. The last one occasion the July 9, 2007, it began as sleet and ended up covering much of the city. In suburban areas came to have a much thicker. It happened as a result of a large polar wind that affected Argentina and Chile. We only know of another significant snowfall in 1918.
The city is divided into 48 districts that derive from the ancient parishes established in the nineteenth century. Although we often speak of the 100 neighborhoods of the city, this is an expression that originated in a popular song and not the actual number of neighborhoods, the song was popularized by the singer Alberto Castillo, a landmark of Buenos Aires popular music.
Each neighborhood has its own characteristics and history that print color, style and unique customs; and are a reflection of the cultural diversity that underlies the city. Some of these have been around for decades, but there are other newly identified. Such is the case of Chas Park, Puerto Madero, etc. However, there was always a lot of unofficial names for parts of the city such as Barrio Parque or El Abasto, neighborhoods that exist only in the popular tradition, originated only for purely commercial reasons.
The north and northwest suburbs have become the center of wealth, with unique shops and several residential areas of the upper class as Recoleta, Palermo, Belgrano and Puerto Madero, south of the city and the last to be officially declared.
South of the city are the most popular neighborhoods such as barracks, Pompeii, La Boca, etc. The southern area is what holds the lower socio-economic indicators of the city.
The city is on a good geographical support: its territory is vast and flat and does not suffer complications of extreme temperatures, winds, snow and earthquakes. It has a very good source of freshwater and is the Rio de La Plata.
The layout of the city is very regular. The historical and business center of the city has perfectly square blocks, extended from north to south and from east to west, as its founder Garay the establishment. This layout of perpendicular streets (called "checkerboard") largely spread to the rest of the city.
Buenos Aires is fertile in areas of urban and architectural quality. It has several public places including highlights the Bosques de Palermo, the Almirante Brown Park Ecological Reserve in Costanera Sur.
A feature of the city is the diversity of trees and colorful flowers of these. In large part this is due to the work of Carlos Thays, French landscape, creator inter alia Botanical Garden where he introduced as tipas trees, jacarandas and lapachos.
Another prominent feature of the city are the copings in domes, towers and attics that have many buildings. They are the result of European influence in the port architecture, especially the work of French architects, Italians and Germans, who designed the buildings between the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, as a replacement to the colonial architecture. At first it was a symbolic architectural element. But then they were chosen as a symbol of the magnificence of the Argentina bourgeoisie. Perhaps the main feature of these is the variety: there shaped half orange, pineapple, onion-and many others.
The central area of the city is very congested automobile traffic and also during non-working days is very uninhabited, causing some uncertainty.
Buenos Aires has four motorway links, in addition to the large amount of existing accesses, either bridges or avenues that cross the Av. General Paz. The motorway links are Highway Buenos Aires-La Plata, Ricchieri Highway, West and North Access or Access Av. Panamericana. These highways provide quick access from the Gran Buenos Aires, unlike the rest of the accesses where traffic tends to be somewhat fluid from the end of business hours.
The transport of greater use are called groups, with more than 135 lines in service not only allows you to connect different parts of the city but also reaches different points of Gran Buenos Aires.
The other mass medium used to access the city is the train which has in Buenos Aires a clear hub node. Some of these lines have connection to the subway, allowing a relatively fluid transfer from Buenos Aires suburbs to different areas of the city. Trains are also used by the locals as a means of rapid movement within the city.
Buenos Aires has six subway lines, lines A, B, C, D, E and H with over 40 km route. In addition, under construction the second leg of the H line, which now connects the neighborhoods of Parque Patricios and Balvanera under the Av. Jujuy, and finally join the south of the city from the neighborhood of Pompeii with the Retirement terminal. Also in expanding line A to the neighborhood of Flores and B from the terminal to the neighborhood of Villa Urquiza. It is planned to build three other branches (F, G and I), with lines running come to nine. Line A (opened in 1913) is also a tourist attraction, having been the first subway line in the southern hemisphere (and Latin America) and to keep the trains that were used in the early twentieth century.
The country's largest port, is Buenos Aires and traditionally was the main maritime gateway of Argentina. Currently handles 70% of Argentine imports concentrating approximately 40% of total foreign trade.
Buenos Aires has two commercial airports, three soldiers and a private one. The two commercials are the Ministro Pistarini International Airport or Ezeiza Airport, about 35 Kms. From the city, and Aeroparque Jorge Newbery.
From Ezeiza Airport there are flights to South America, North America, Europe, Africa, Asia and Oceania. It is the only Latin America with flights arriving at 5 continents. In 2009 they passed by nearly 8 million passengers. From the Jorge Newbery Airport (commonly called Aeroparque), there are domestic flights only, with the exception of flights to Montevideo (Uruguay) and Asuncion (Paraguay).
The City of Buenos Aires offers more than 200 hotels with 36,000 beds available. These hotels are installed mostly in the downtown area of the city with easy access to major tourist sites.
There are also many lodgings and accommodation alternative for those looking for something cheaper. These establishments are usually located in more remote districts, but the transport system allows the transfer in an easy and economical way.
As the city is a university center, there is a lot of hostels and accessible to students from both within the country and from neighboring countries dorms.
We recommend hiring a personal travel insurance that covers medical expenses as foreign healthcare is not free and involves high costs.